Clicker training: tips for beginners, training with a pointer.
Training with a clicker is a type of training with conditional positive reinforcement, implemented by means of an audio signal. The clicker is a special keychain with a clicking button. His click is used in case, when dog need give understand, that she fulfilled precisely the, that required from it the trainer. This method of training, which excludes physical contact, was first used by Dolphin trainers, who needed to train animals to the desired behavior.
The animals developed a conditional positive reflex to a certain signal. As a result, this signal, in this case a click, became a conditional positive reinforcement.
No need to punish and correct.
With standard training, you explain to your pet what to do, sometimes using force. After achieving the desired behavior, the dog is encouraged, if there is no result, then punished. In clicker training, you only need to observe how the dog behaves and click the “clicker” when it does what it needs to do. The click must be associated in advance with the animal receiving pleasure, that is, there must be a positive connection to this signal. Pleasure can be in the form of praise or delicious food, in General, all that will bring joy to your four-legged friend. In case of a dog error, you need to wait and try again and again.
Replacing a click with praise
Trainers who use this type of training pay attention to the formation of the necessary behavior and do not focus on the termination of unnecessary. For example, you make a click when the dog is lying down, and do not start yelling at it if it jumps. Thus, you encourage the correct behavior of the dog, getting the result you need from it. When you reach the goal (the dog quickly falls on the team), you start to encourage her with praise, and continue to use the clicker to work out a new team.
Hearing in dogs is thin. They perfectly hear even the quiet click of a clicker and quickly learn the connection between this sound and something good. Dogs understand that if you repeat the actions you need, you will click again and again. Thus, they gradually become your partners in the process of their own training.
Fifteen tips for beginners
1). By combining the click of a clicker with something nice, don’t limit your pet to getting that “nice”. Always use as a reward what your dog loves most, such as some treat that she is just crazy about. In this case, the promotion itself should be issued in certain portions, such as small pieces of the same delicacy.
2). Click on the clicker during the desired behavior, but no later than it is completed. You don’t have to worry if your favorite dog stops performing something after hearing a click. Click at the end of the command execution. After that, do not forget to give a treat, because the timeliness of its issuance is important.
3). Make a click when the dog is doing what you like. You need to start with something simple that the dog can do on its own (for example, sit down, walk up to you, give you a paw, touch you with your nose, or follow some object-a pen).
4). Click only once. If you want to show a special joy, then increase the amount of Goodies, but not the number of clicks.
5). Try to keep your classes short. You can learn a lot more in 3-4 sessions of 5 minutes than in one hour of dull repetition. You will be able to teach your pet a lot if you allocate a very small amount of time for training from your normal daily routine.
6). You should stop the dog if it starts doing something bad, and encourage it for good behavior. Click if the dog has done its job in the right place. Click when the dog’s paws are on the ground, not on you or your friends and acquaintances. Don’t yell at a barking dog, just give it a signal when it stops barking. If the dog is pulling hard on the leash, click when it loosens it.
7). Make a click when the dog has performed the desired action without compulsion or accidentally. You can convince her to make the move you want, but don’t push, pull, or hold her. Allow your dog to do something in person.
8). Don’t expect perfect behavior from your dog right away. Move to it step by step. Let’s say you want the dog to sit down. To achieve this goal, you need to click when it is going to sit down. Training any fairly complex skill can be divided into several simple steps. Each of these stages is followed by a separate promotion.
9). If you notice that the dog performs your commands, for example, lies down, runs up to you when you call it, sits at your feet, then do not stop at the achieved result, and start to complicate the commands. After the dog executes the “lie down” command, wait for a little time to pass, and then click. Let the dog now respond to your call from a longer distance and sit down faster. This is called “skill formation”.
10). After the dog has learned to do something, and knowing that you will encourage it to click, it will try to make an effort to ensure that you click again, and then do something. Click only when the dog’s action occurs after the command. But do not pay attention to the actions of the dog, made when the team was not.
11). Don’t get carried away with orders. Clicker training is not based on commands. If your dog ignores the command, it does not mean that it does not listen. Simply dog fully not has learned its fulfilling. For a while, try to work with the dog in a quiet environment where nothing will distract the dog from work.
12). Using the “clicker” you can mark various points, such as catching the dog’s tail or supporting one of the paws on the weight. You have the ability to encourage any behavior that you may notice, and each time the dog will know exactly what you are encouraging.
13). If you Express displeasure with the behavior of the dog, then postpone the “clicker”for a while. Pulling the leash, punishing, or beating the dog does not apply to training with a clicker. From such actions, the dog will stop trusting the “click”.
14). If you can’t work out some behavior, it means that the click is served late. Accurate timing is an important factor in learning. Ask someone to watch the animal “from the side” and maybe even click instead of you.
15). Remember: training with a clicker should be a pleasure, because it is a great way to transform the relationship with a four-legged friend.
Training with a pointer.
Original “pointers” can help in the training process. They can be every object, whether it is a real pointer, including a laser, an ordinary pencil or your finger. Some trainers sometimes install a bright cover from containers with dog food in places where it is necessary to stop the dog. Horse trainers use plastic cones with stripes used by road workers for this purpose. Horses can see them very well at long distances. In General, for training dogs, folding pointers are most often suitable, which are comfortable to carry in your pocket. The dog is trained to touch the end of the pointer with its nose, and then follow its movement with its eyes. Thus, you can easily train your dog to climb into the car, jump on the table. You can also put the pointer on the ground, indicating the place where the dog should wait for you. With the help of a pointer, it is possible to teach the dog a variety of techniques, such as closing and opening doors, turning on lights, searching for people named by name.
Start training with a pointer. Recommendations.
Dip the tip of the pointer into the food, then let the dog smell it. Make a click when the dog is following the tip of the pointer, sniffing, licking it. Let’s treat the dog after another click. Do this several times, while removing the tip of the pointer from the dog’s nose.
Swipe the pointer in front of the dog’s nose: from top to bottom and from left to right. Make a click when the dog reaches for the tip of the pointer. Go a little way, click when the dog goes in the direction in which you are pointing the pointer.
Using the pointer, you can easily teach the dog the simplest tricks, for example, to stand on his hind legs, while the dog reaches for the tip of the pointer, “bow” if you lower the pointer to the ground. Many people find these tricks difficult, but for a dog, performing these exercises is not difficult.
Classes with the dog should be short (no more than 5 minutes), but at the same time frequent.
Some dogs understand what is required of them from the first time, and try to touch your pointer at any opportunity, while others require several sessions.
When you see a pointer in your hands, the dog may begin to wag its tail. This is a good sign. Even better, if the dog begins to touch the pointer with his nose and follows it. If the dog starts biting the pointer, do not click. Let her try to find out what she needs to do to get you to click again.
Now you can use the pointer that your dog likes to train some behavior. If you are working with a dog to overcome various obstacles, then using the pointer, you can show the dog these obstacles or stop points. Trainers who develop obedience in a dog use a pointer to develop the dog’s call-sending and stopping skills.
You can use the pointer to develop the dog’s skill to move around, as well as putting the dog in a stand at a demonstration performance.