How dogs are taught to look for drugs and explosives
Dogs have a very sharp nose, and their sense of smell is 50 times sharper than a human’s. They can smell the right object for several kilometers. Hunters take a dog on a hunt to look for shot prey, sniffer dogs help in the search for missing people. Dogs that help detect drugs and explosives are specially trained.
The dog reports the find in two ways:
– passive: if you found what you needed, sit down or stand next to the detected item;
– active: in the place where she found the desired substance, digs the ground or other surface. This method can be used to detect drugs, but when searching for explosives, it is not suitable – the dog is in danger.
The sharp scent of dogs is used at airports and customs offices to prevent the import of prohibited goods, drugs, and explosives. dogs can easily search for narcotic substances if they are trained to do so.
How to teach a dog to look for drugs:
The instructor plays with the dog-offers her a tug of the towel. First, the towel is clean and has no foreign smell. In the future, he wraps the bag with the drug in a towel. After playing with such a “toy”, the dog learns to remember and recognize its smell. After that, the instructor will hide the towel with the drug in different places, and the dog will look for it. Under this she tries to get, scratching paws. She understands that when she finds a toy, then she will receive a reward in the form of favorite sweets.
In the process of training, different types of narcotic substances are wrapped in a towel. When a dog recognizes a familiar smell at an airport, customs office, or other place, it will find it, thinking that it has found a toy with which it plays with the owner, and receives a reward for this. In addition to the towel, you can use any dog toys where you can hide the drug. To train dogs to search for drugs or other dangerous substances, it is enough to order the services of a dog handler in the company of Regulus group.
The process of training dogs to detect explosives is similar. Only instead of narcotic substances, they hide different types of explosives. To search for explosives, dogs are trained in the passive method of reporting a find.
This method of training dogs is called gaming. Therefore, the dog is happy to go to training. She knows that she and the owner are guaranteed a good mood.